View Full Version : Budte zdorovy

10-02-2008, 01:25
To say or not to say....??
:eh: :eh:
Actually, I always thought, that it is better not to pay attention in this occasions...
But, sometimes, when you are in company, someone saying "Budte zdorovy" - and now you feel to say it too....or a person could think that you wish to him to be ill till the rest of his life...;)

Here some food for your thought.......

A group of American scientists gathered up a dozen of Americans in close big room... On one white wall there was two lines - absolutely equal.
A question for recipients was: "which line was longer"?

Six persons - was hired by researches...and six was not aware about mechanism of experience....
When they were alone in a room - spies began insistingly arguing, that highest line was longer.....
After some time, recipients was freed and scientists asked them a main question..
An interesting thing - four of unawareness peoples was convinced by spies and claimed that highest line was longer.....
One - didn't answer....
and just one kept saying that the lines were equal....

So that is how a social opinion formed one's minds....:suspect:

10-02-2008, 15:40
It's a well-known experiment to illustrate how we like to conform.

Scarier results were found by a man named Milgram, who wanted to study "obedience" and acquiescence to authority.

"The role of the experimenter was played by a stern, impassive biology teacher dressed in a technician's coat, and the victim (learner) was played by an Irish-American accountant trained to act for the role. The participant and the learner (supposedly another volunteer, but in reality a confederate of the experimenter) were told by the experimenter that they would be participating in an experiment helping his study of memory and learning in different situations.

Two slips of paper were then presented to the participant and to the actor. The participant was led to believe that one of the slips said "learner" and the other said "teacher," and that he and the actor had been given the slips randomly. In fact, both slips said "teacher," but the actor claimed to have the slip that read "learner," thus guaranteeing that the participant would always be the "teacher." At this point, the "teacher" and "learner" were separated into different rooms where they could communicate but not see each other. In one version of the experiment, the confederate was sure to mention to the participant that he had a heart condition.

The "teacher" was given a 45-volt electric shock from the electro-shock generator as a sample of the shock that the "learner" would supposedly receive during the experiment. The "teacher" was then given a list of word pairs which he was to teach the learner. The teacher began by reading the list of word pairs to the learner. The teacher would then read the first word of each pair and read four possible answers. The learner would press a button to indicate his response. If the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing for each wrong answer. If correct, the teacher would read the next word pair.

The subjects believed that for each wrong answer, the learner was receiving actual shocks. In reality, there were no shocks. After the confederate was separated from the subject, the confederate set up a tape recorder integrated with the electro-shock generator, which played pre-recorded sounds for each shock level. After a number of voltage level increases, the actor started to bang on the wall that separated him from the subject. After several times banging on the wall and complaining about his heart condition, all responses by the learner would cease.

At this point, many people indicated their desire to stop the experiment and check on the learner. Some test subjects paused at 135 volts and began to question the purpose of the experiment. Most continued after being assured that they would not be held responsible. A few subjects began to laugh nervously or exhibit other signs of extreme stress once they heard the screams of pain coming from the learner.

If at any time the subject indicated his desire to halt the experiment, he was given a succession of verbal prods by the experimenter, in this order:

1. Please continue.
2. The experiment requires that you continue.
3. It is absolutely essential that you continue.
4. You have no other choice, you must go on.

If the subject still wished to stop after all four successive verbal prods, the experiment was halted. Otherwise, it was halted after the subject had given the maximum 450-volt shock three times in succession.

Before conducting the experiment, Milgram polled fourteen Yale University senior-year psychology majors as to what they thought would be the results. All of the poll respondents believed that only a few (average 1.2%) would be prepared to inflict the maximum voltage. Milgram also informally polled his colleagues and found that they, too, believed very few subjects would progress beyond a very strong shock.[1]

In Milgram's first set of experiments, 65 percent (26 of 40) of experiment participants administered the experiment's final 450-volt shock, though many were very uncomfortable doing so; at some point, every participant paused and questioned the experiment, some said they would refund the money they were paid for participating in the experiment. No participant steadfastly refused to administer shocks before the 300-volt level."
Milgram experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Milgram_Experiment_v2.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Milgram_Experiment_v2.png/200px-Milgram_Experiment_v2.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/0/0f/Milgram_Experiment_v2.png/200px-Milgram_Experiment_v2.png
Milgram's Study of Obedience (http://learningat.ke7.org.uk/socialsciences/Psychology/PsyRes13/Milgram.htm)